What is artificial consciousness and how it's different from a human consciousness and AI
There are a lot of scientists that are attempting to create artificial consciousness but they all fail because all of them believe that our consciousness is strictly a product of activity of our neurons. But what neurons actually do? They send an impulse from one to another. But that impulse is filled with information, meaning its not a one zero, one zero impulse. Like the ones that are being used in our phones, computers and other technology. its like impulses in our head got different nature, unlike those impulses they are already filled with information, instead of using empty impulses to shape a certain action or thought. Our head truly is like a supercomputer but all of that super lies in the fact that it doesn't run empty impulses.
XP NRG answers the questions
Tatiana: for me, the topic of IT was kind of new, and when I was driving to you I also looked through various news, what they say about it on the Internet and what they write about it. And they exactly say why it is so hard to create artificial consciousness, because they don’t understand at all, and that consciousness is a big secret for them. They don’t know and don’t understand how it operates, how it works, and they also search for it in the brain.
Igor Mikhailovich: You see, what habit do we have? We think that our consciousness (Tatiana: Complexity) is a product of activity of our neurons. The product of activity of our neurons is a signal which doesn’t differ from computers in any way.
Say, you saw I was waving my hands, right? Imagine, how many (neurons) should pass so that my hand waves, how many commands and so on. One neuron sends an impulse to another for me to wave my finger here and the like. So that’s how it works (Tatiana: Yes). They do command, it’s, after all… without the neurons I wouldn't have moved my finger. Right? (Tatiana: Yes) So what does a neuron send? Simply one, zero?
Tatiana: Impulses, for example.
Igor Mikhailovich: Or information?
Tatiana: Information what to do.
Igor Mikhailovich: And that’s where the main difference lies. And we were struggling for a long time, but then we came to understand what the difference is between a simple computer, between its bit and a neuroimpulse that moves from a neuron to a neuron. So this little neuron in the head sends not merely an impulse but a filled one. You see?
Tatiana: Not emptiness.
Igor Mikhailovich: That is, particularly filled with information. What’s going on in our computer? We run empty railcars in the literal sense of the word.
It's an absolute analogue of a neuron's work in the head: a non-empty railcar goes through an axon. If our consciousness were driving empty railcars… Well, I understand, the speed of signal transmission and so on, is not very high, we don't have that many neurons to have so many pictures, and especially for the chemistry to work like that. Our heads would be like, I don't know... Firstly, it would be a lot bigger, secondly, it would overheat faster. Although everything has a loss of energy and everything else. That's what cerebrospinal fluid is for. It's a cooling fluid, well, and many other things, just like blood circulation. All these things are in their places in the head. Believe me, it's an analogue of a modern computer, even a supercomputer. But all of its "super" are about the fact that it doesn't run empty railcars.